Bottrop, Germany 1888 - 1976 New Haven, CT, USA
Josef Albers studied at the Bauhaus and went on to become head of the Bauhaus glass workshop. When Albers was invited to teach at the Black Mountain College near Asheville in North Carolina, he began his comprehensive experiments on the interaction of colours, forms and surfaces that could change their effect enormously by pure juxtaposition. The works of his famous 'Homage to the Square' series are always composed of three or four squares, one inside the other, in different colours or shades. Both as an art educator and as an artist, Albers influenced American artists in the fields of Op Art, Colour Field Painting, the New Abstraction and Kinetic Art. Albers became internationally known as an artist with the exhibition 'The Responsive Eye' at the Museum of Modern Art in New York (1965) and received numerous honours as well as honorary doctorates.