Alongside Ernst Barlach, Georg Kolbe and Wilhelm Lehmbruck, Gerhard Marcks is considered one of the leading German sculptors of the 20th century. In 1920, he was in charge of the Bauhaus pottery. As he was friends with Lyonel Feininger, Marcks also created a number of woodcuts, but bronze became his preferred material. His most important works, such as the 'Venus of Thuringia' from 1930, reflect his characteristic style: he sculpted his figures in bold, reduced forms and a sensual, archaically harsh naturalness. Marcks did not leave Germany during World War II, although he was harassed out of his teaching position and 24 of his sculptures were confiscated as 'degenerate' in 1937. Almost his entire oeuvre was destroyed in 1943, when his Berlin studio was hit by a bomb. Works that he had hidden were looted and destroyed. After the war, he relentlessly started all over again and created, among other works, monumental sculptures for public places in Cologne, Hamburg, Mannheim and Frankfurt.
1966 / lifetime cast June 1968
100 x 250 cm / 39 3/8 x 98 3/8 in.
with signum, numbered 'II' and with foundry stamp 'Barth, Berlin' an edition of 5 was planned, only 3 were cast
Europa on the Bull
1959 / posthumous cast 2013
27,5 x 37 x 9,5 cm / 10 7/8 x 14 1/2 x 3 3/4 in.
with signum, numbered 8/10 and with foundry stamp 'Barth, Rinteln' edition of 10 +2
Small Runner at the Finish
1972 / lifetime cast 1979
28,5 x 12 x 7 cm
with signum, numbered 2/10 and with foundry stamp 'Guss Barth Rinteln' edition of 10
1949 / posthumous cast 2008
111 x 30 x 20 cm / 43 3/4 x 11 3/4 x 7 7/8 in.
with monogram, numbered 'IV' and with foundry stamp Barth, Rinteln edition of 10 + one unnumbered cast
1968 / lifetime cast 1978
30 x 20 x 16 cm
with signum, numbered 4/10 and with foundry stamp 'Guss Barth Rinteln' edition of 10
Sea Swallows I
woodcut on paper
Darst. 29,7 x 18,5 cm / Blatt 44 x 29,5 cm / image 11 3/4 x
signed lower right, numbered 30/40, titled and dated lower left verso inscribed 'C74-398/1' edition of 40
woodcut on Japan paper
1934 / gedruckt 1962
Darst. 21 x 16,5 cm / Blatt 53,5 x 34 cm / image 8 1/4 x 6 1
signed lower right, numbered 1/35 and inscribed 'Frauenkopf 1934' lower left verso inscribed 'C74-379/6' edition of 35
1978 / lifetime cast 1978
23,5 x 12,5 x 20 cm
with signum, numbered 1/10 and with foundry stamp 'Guss Barth Rinteln' edition of 10
Seated Violin Player
1973 / posthumous cast 1984
25 x 18,5 x 11 cm
with signum, numbered 10/10 and with foundry stamp 'Guss Barth Rinteln' edition of 10
Standing Robed Figure with Curls
1965 / posthumous cast 2011
47 x 14 x 10 cm / height 47 cm
with signum, numbered 6/10 and with foundry stamp 'Barth, Rinteln' edition of 10, cast A and nos. 1-3 are lifetime casts
Woman half cloaked
India ink on paper
44,8 x 27 cm / 17 5/8 x 10 5/8 in.
verso with stamp of the estate, signature of the daughter Brigitte Marcks and inscribed 'G5807'